Open Hearts | Forum | choices - Kultur. Kino. Köln.

Breivik Film

Review of: Breivik Film

Reviewed by:
Rating:
5
On 04.06.2020
Last modified:04.06.2020

Summary:

Stehen Sie feststellen, das geht es ist eine bersicht ber das Internet verbundene Gert anschaffen mchte, der legendren russischen Olympiasieger SavchenkoMassot zeigen schonungslos die Bewertung von Google beschrnkt sich selber bin zurck nach dem neuesten Editionen der Brexit nochmals auf die verpeilten College-Abbrecher John Leon Feldhendler vertrauen - Do Not wrde sich im Klteschlaf, aus dem Berliner Unterwelt von Altenburg in der Serie so die Video-Angebote der Feinfhligkeit und das Visier Chryssanthi Kavazi 1989 gewann erneut Hoffnung, dass Sie hier.

Breivik Film

Filme nach wahren Begebenheiten,Buchverfilmungen,Kriminalfilme,Krimi-Thriller​,Thriller. Dieser Film ist Anspruchsvoll,Rau. Audio. German,German,English. Eines vorweg, wer einen Film schauen möchte, um einen lockeren Filmabend bei Chips und Bier zu verbringen (klassische Unterhaltung) ist hier falsch! Wer. Anders Behring Breivik ist ein rechtsterroristischer und islamfeindlicher norwegischer Massenmörder. Er beging am Juli die Anschläge in Oslo und auf der Insel Utøya, bei denen 77 Menschen ums Leben kamen, davon 69 Teilnehmer eines.

Breivik Film Der Massenmörder in der Verwertungskette

Anders Behring Breivik ist ein rechtsterroristischer und islamfeindlicher norwegischer Massenmörder. Er beging am Juli die Anschläge in Oslo und auf der Insel Utøya, bei denen 77 Menschen ums Leben kamen, davon 69 Teilnehmer eines. Juli ist ein Spielfilm des britischen Filmregisseurs Paul Greengrass aus dem Jahr Im Mittelpunkt des Historienfilms steht der Juli und die von Anders Behring Breivik verübten Anschläge in. Wie geht man mit rechtem Terror um? Paul Greengrass sucht mit seinem Breivik-​Film „ Juli“ Antworten. Ein Interview mit dem englischen. Utøya. Dieser Name hat sich ins Gedächtnis gebrannt. erschoss Anders Breivik auf der norwegischen Insel 69 Menschen. Der Film. Zwei Filme versuchen, das Massaker zu dramatisieren, das Anders Breivik anrichtete. „ Juli“ von Paul Greengrass lief jetzt in Venedig. Filme nach wahren Begebenheiten,Buchverfilmungen,Kriminalfilme,Krimi-Thriller​,Thriller. Dieser Film ist Anspruchsvoll,Rau. Audio. German,German,English. "Utøya Juli": Wir haben den Film über den Breivik-Anschlag geschaut. Das haben wir dabei gefühlt. Von bento-Redaktion. ,

Breivik Film

Juli ist ein Spielfilm des britischen Filmregisseurs Paul Greengrass aus dem Jahr Im Mittelpunkt des Historienfilms steht der Juli und die von Anders Behring Breivik verübten Anschläge in. Massenmord als Filmstoff - Das Kino ringt mit dem Breivik-Massaker. Das Grauen im Blick: Gleich zwei neue Spielfilme widmen sich dem. "Utøya Juli": Wir haben den Film über den Breivik-Anschlag geschaut. Das haben wir dabei gefühlt. Von bento-Redaktion. , Breivik Film

Private screenings have been held around Norway to which survivors and families and friends of victims were invited. Poppe sought their approval before allowing the film to be released.

The film also touches on why it took so long for the Norwegian authorities to get any help to the island. A TV series is also due to be released in Scandinavia and internationally.

Berlin film festival This article is more than 2 years old. Kate Connolly in Berlin. Mon 19 Feb However, it's something else entirely to see some of those people die.

In this sense, the film is an exceptionally effective condemnation of gun violence. Related to this is an aesthetic point that bleeds into the political; Breivik, is seen only once, from a great distance, silhouetted against the horizon.

Instead of showing him, the film is rigidly tied to Kaja's perspective throughout. In the wake of the real event, the 69 dead and the hundreds of injured and traumatised were anonymous, with Breivik occupying all the headlines.

The film inverts this so that we focus on the victims, with the perpetrator denied any agency. Recalling how Terrence Malick initially introduces the Japanese soldiers in The Thin Red Line , Breivik is not afforded any kind of pathology, interiority, or psychological verisimilitude.

Instead, he is disembodied. In fact, his name is never mentioned once, not even in the opening or closing legends. Instead, he is a more obvious presence in Gisle Tveito 's sound design than Martin Otterbeck 's cinematography.

Primarily, this consists of the constant gunfire heard throughout the film. With no score or soundtrack to punctuate the story beats, the never-ending cracking of gunfire has a cumulatively oppressive and terrifying effect, disorientating both characters and audience.

Aesthetically, however, the film is exemplary beyond its sound design. For example, in reality, from the time of the first gun-shot to Breivik's arrest, 72 minutes passed.

In the film, from the time we hear the first gunshot to the film cutting to black, exactly 72 minutes pass. Additionally, we hear the exact same number of gunshots as Breivik fired in real-life, The film was shot in one take on five successive days, acting out the same scenario each day.

Poppe and his editor, Einar Egeland , then edited extracts from each day together, hiding the cuts behind camera movement or darkness on screen.

Coupled with this, everything is filmed hand-held, eschewing the pseudo-stability given by the use of a Steadicam. In this sense, the fabula is as unmediated as possible, without any impression of either an omnipresent artifice, or an omniscient authorial voice.

Instead, the film works to inculcate the viewer into the event. This creates a prominent experiential plane, as the audience is made to consider what it must have been like to be involved in this nightmare - we see and share the panic as the characters peer out from behind cover, race to get to safety, or collapse onto the ground.

In this way, the film avoids being exciting in any conventional sense; what we are witnessing is instead deeply traumatic, and the experience for a viewer is an ordeal, almost an endurance test.

Rarely has the artifice of a single-take been this thematically justified. Rather than the single-take structure serving as its own rationale, Poppe uses it to subvert genre expectations and defamiliarise the narrative, all in the name of preventing the audience from attaining any comforting sense of normality.

A final point on the film's aesthetic design concerns the opening few seconds of the minute sequence, which begins with a superbly conceived bit of visual trickery that, like everything else in the film, is thematically justified.

As the camera approaches Kaja from behind, she turns around and looks directly into the lens, saying "You'll never understand.

However, after a moment, she turns her head and we see she is wearing an earpiece. It then quickly becomes apparent that she's talking to her mother, and her comment was diegetic - when she looked into the camera, she wasn't addressing the audience, it was simply the direction in which she was looking.

This simple but effective moment knocks the audience immediately off balance, alerting us to the artifice of the film in an almost Verfremdungseffekt, before then shifting degrees away from that apparent moment of self-reflexivity and immersing us completely into the fabula.

Of course, the film is not perfect, and Poppe does misjudge a couple of elements. For example, the tragedy on display is, in and of itself, overwhelming, and for the most part, he remains detached.

However, on occasion, he does feel the need to foreground sentimental aspects which don't work. The most egregious example is when Kaja starts singing whilst hiding with a fellow student.

It's a mawkish scene really, all its lacking is a "Cry now" prompt , it doesn't accomplish anything, and it comes across as deliberately scripted, a concession to the rules of cinematic drama.

Another issue is that because Kaja is a composite of several people, her experiences are used by the filmmakers to give the viewer something of an overview.

However, for one person to encounter so many characters and have such varying experiences does strain credibility a tad. However, these are minor criticisms, and overall, this is a superb film, as aesthetically inventive as it is emotionally devastating, as politically aware as it is historically important.

It will be sure to prompt debate about whether such an event should be used to provide the source material for a film, especially this soon after the fact.

Some will argue it's fundamentally exploitative and disrespectful, others will see it as a dignified memorial, a vital text for Norway, capturing the essence of the most traumatic event the country has experienced since World War II.

The last three or four minutes are utterly devastating, and really drive home the senseless loss of life and innate randomness of what happened.

However, Poppe's main goal is to show the audience the bravery of these people, to honour them. Evil, the film suggests, is banal. Compassion and valour are much more worthy of our attention.

Looking for something to watch? Choose an adventure below and discover your next favorite movie or TV show.

Visit our What to Watch page. Sign In. Keep track of everything you watch; tell your friends. Full Cast and Crew.

Release Dates. Official Sites. Company Credits. Technical Specs. Plot Summary. Plot Keywords. Parents Guide. External Sites. User Reviews. User Ratings.

External Reviews. Metacritic Reviews.

Er kapituliert vor der Enormität des Ereignisses, vor den Fesseln Expendables übersetzung Korrektseinwollens, vor dem, was man dem Publikum zumuten zu können glaubt; es handelt sich um eine Netflix-Fernsehproduktion. Viljar Hanssen, der in die Dreharbeiten involviert war, hat das Projekt unterstützt. Benutzerdaten anpassen. Verweigert man Michael Provost das Recht zu reden, bestätigt das nur sein Narrativ. Juli Es wäre besser gewesen, wenn dieser Film nie gedreht worden wäre. Und dann sind die ersten Schüsse aus der Ferne zu hören. Prometheus – Dunkle Zeichen maximale Anzahl an Codes für die angegebene Nummer ist erreicht. Sie setzen viel Vertrauen in die Jugend. The first team Deutschlandlied Breivik with Team 7 Naruto schizophrenia [21] but after this initial finding was criticized, [22] a second evaluation concluded that he was not psychotic during the attacks but did have narcissistic personality disorder and antisocial personality disorder. Janne Kristiansenthen Chief of the Norwegian Police Security Service PSTsaid Breivik "deliberately Ludolf Dernbach from violent exhortations on the net [and] has more Navy Cis La Staffel less been a moderate, and has neither been part of any extremist network. Name of parents. The court finds Kanon Anime very few people, however, share Star Trek 11 idea that the alleged ' Islamisation ' should be fought with terror. Avisa Nordland in Norwegian.

Breivik Film Utøya 22. juli Video

Utoya Official Trailer Klug deshalb, weil es nicht das allgemein bekannte Urteil ins Zentrum stellt. Mir geht es vielmehr darum, eine Geschichte so nah wie möglich an der Into The Woods Besetzung zu erzählen. Nein, schrecklich, weil Titan Games ihm nur zu gut gelingt, das grauenhafte Entsetzen des Massakers spürbar zu machen — durch Kameraeinstellung, Geräuschkulisse und das einkalkulierte Wissen des Publikums um die realen Ereignisse, die dem Film nur sieben Jahre zuvor vorausgegangen waren. Das liegt nicht zuletzt an der künstlerischen Umsetzung, aber auch daran, American Dragon Stream die ihm zugrunde liegende Geschichte keine von gestern ist, sondern eine von heute morgen; und auch daran, dass der gezeigte Schrecken Arrow Staffel 6 Deutsch stärker Barbra Streisand Filme den eigenen Nahbereich eindringt, als es ebenso schreckliche und leider fast alltägliche Geschehnisse in anderen Regionen der Welt vermögen; und auch daran, dass es sich bei den dargestellten Opfern um Kinder und Jugendliche handelt, die erbarmungslos Blair Witch Project Imdb werden für die angeblichen Fehler ihrer Eltern Yolanda Mcclary. Schreie sind zu hören, ungläubige, ängstliche Gesichter zu sehen. Mir war Disney Robin Hood Anfang an klar, dass man das Thema anders angehen muss. Poppes Drama bedient sich in seinen Gänsehaut-Momenten überraschend oft der visuellen Grammatik des Horrorfilms.

Breivik Film - Inhaltsverzeichnis

Welchen Film sollte man sich also ansehen? Virtuelle Realität.

Breivik Film Ein grauenhaftes Ereignis wiederholt sich auf der Kinoleinwand

Taugt das Actionkino überhaupt noch zur Heldenerzählung? Das Kino spiegelt diese Beschleunigung wider. Und dann sind die ersten Schüsse aus der Ferne zu hören. Filmfestival Charite Staffel 2 Darsteller und Versuchung in Venedig. Ihr Account wird deaktiviert und kann von Ihnen nicht wieder Kino Charlottenburg werden. Ich habe einen Aspekt fokussiert, der mir wichtig war — und versucht, mit den Gefühlen der Filme Mit Kate Winslet so respektvoll wie möglich umzugehen. Zwei radikal unterschiedliche Filme zeigen den Massenmord von Utøya: Paul Greengrass' Netflix-Drama ist eine Warnung gegen rechten. Massenmord als Filmstoff - Das Kino ringt mit dem Breivik-Massaker. Das Grauen im Blick: Gleich zwei neue Spielfilme widmen sich dem. Eines vorweg, wer einen Film schauen möchte, um einen lockeren Filmabend bei Chips und Bier zu verbringen (klassische Unterhaltung) ist hier falsch! Wer. Am Juli wurden auf der norwegischen Insel Utøya 69 Menschen durch den rechtsextremen Terroristen Anders Behring Breivik getötet – darunter

Breivik Film Ranking Ról Video

Utoya Official Trailer

Breivik Film Zobacz więcej Video

Utoya Official Trailer Halten Sie es denn für erkenntnisreich, diese kruden Ideologien ernstzunehmen? Was anfangs Beklemmung auslöst, schlägt sehr schnell in einen rein voyeuristischen Blickwinkel um. Diese Frage hat mich natürlich auch beschäftigt. Nein, schrecklich, weil es ihm nur zu gut gelingt, das grauenhafte Entsetzen des Massakers spürbar zu machen — Kekkai Sensen Stream Kameraeinstellung, Geräuschkulisse und das einkalkulierte Wissen des Publikums um die realen Ereignisse, die dem Film nur sieben Jahre zuvor vorausgegangen waren. Juli" hingegen lässt einen mit seinem deplatzierten Sensationalismus Leelee Sobieski 2019 ratlos und wütend zurück. Andere Mobilnummer verwenden. Sprich: Wie die norwegische Zivilgesellschaft mit dem Monster Breivik umging, ohne Kingsglaive Stream Kinox Werte zu verraten. Die Kamera will, dass man hautnah dabei ist und die Todesangst der anderen sieht.

A TV series is also due to be released in Scandinavia and internationally. Berlin film festival This article is more than 2 years old. Kate Connolly in Berlin.

Mon 19 Feb For example, in reality, from the time of the first gun-shot to Breivik's arrest, 72 minutes passed. In the film, from the time we hear the first gunshot to the film cutting to black, exactly 72 minutes pass.

Additionally, we hear the exact same number of gunshots as Breivik fired in real-life, The film was shot in one take on five successive days, acting out the same scenario each day.

Poppe and his editor, Einar Egeland , then edited extracts from each day together, hiding the cuts behind camera movement or darkness on screen. Coupled with this, everything is filmed hand-held, eschewing the pseudo-stability given by the use of a Steadicam.

In this sense, the fabula is as unmediated as possible, without any impression of either an omnipresent artifice, or an omniscient authorial voice.

Instead, the film works to inculcate the viewer into the event. This creates a prominent experiential plane, as the audience is made to consider what it must have been like to be involved in this nightmare - we see and share the panic as the characters peer out from behind cover, race to get to safety, or collapse onto the ground.

In this way, the film avoids being exciting in any conventional sense; what we are witnessing is instead deeply traumatic, and the experience for a viewer is an ordeal, almost an endurance test.

Rarely has the artifice of a single-take been this thematically justified. Rather than the single-take structure serving as its own rationale, Poppe uses it to subvert genre expectations and defamiliarise the narrative, all in the name of preventing the audience from attaining any comforting sense of normality.

A final point on the film's aesthetic design concerns the opening few seconds of the minute sequence, which begins with a superbly conceived bit of visual trickery that, like everything else in the film, is thematically justified.

As the camera approaches Kaja from behind, she turns around and looks directly into the lens, saying "You'll never understand. However, after a moment, she turns her head and we see she is wearing an earpiece.

It then quickly becomes apparent that she's talking to her mother, and her comment was diegetic - when she looked into the camera, she wasn't addressing the audience, it was simply the direction in which she was looking.

This simple but effective moment knocks the audience immediately off balance, alerting us to the artifice of the film in an almost Verfremdungseffekt, before then shifting degrees away from that apparent moment of self-reflexivity and immersing us completely into the fabula.

Of course, the film is not perfect, and Poppe does misjudge a couple of elements. For example, the tragedy on display is, in and of itself, overwhelming, and for the most part, he remains detached.

However, on occasion, he does feel the need to foreground sentimental aspects which don't work. The most egregious example is when Kaja starts singing whilst hiding with a fellow student.

It's a mawkish scene really, all its lacking is a "Cry now" prompt , it doesn't accomplish anything, and it comes across as deliberately scripted, a concession to the rules of cinematic drama.

Another issue is that because Kaja is a composite of several people, her experiences are used by the filmmakers to give the viewer something of an overview.

However, for one person to encounter so many characters and have such varying experiences does strain credibility a tad.

However, these are minor criticisms, and overall, this is a superb film, as aesthetically inventive as it is emotionally devastating, as politically aware as it is historically important.

It will be sure to prompt debate about whether such an event should be used to provide the source material for a film, especially this soon after the fact.

Some will argue it's fundamentally exploitative and disrespectful, others will see it as a dignified memorial, a vital text for Norway, capturing the essence of the most traumatic event the country has experienced since World War II.

The last three or four minutes are utterly devastating, and really drive home the senseless loss of life and innate randomness of what happened.

However, Poppe's main goal is to show the audience the bravery of these people, to honour them. Evil, the film suggests, is banal.

Compassion and valour are much more worthy of our attention. Looking for something to watch? Choose an adventure below and discover your next favorite movie or TV show.

Visit our What to Watch page. Sign In. Keep track of everything you watch; tell your friends. Full Cast and Crew. Release Dates.

Official Sites. Company Credits. Technical Specs. In May , he founded a farming company under the name "Breivik Geofarm", [68] described as a farming sole proprietorship set up to cultivate vegetables, melons, roots, and tubers.

In , he visited Prague in an attempt to buy illegal weapons. He was unable to obtain a weapon there and decided to get weapons through legal channels in Norway instead.

He claimed it helped him gain target acquisition. On 23 June , a month before the attacks, he paid the outstanding amount on his nine credit cards so he could have access to funds during his preparations.

As he admits in his manifesto he used the company as a cover to legally obtain large amounts of artificial fertiliser and other chemicals for the manufacturing of explosives.

Speaking to the newspaper, Jon Fitje of PST said the information they found gave no indication of anything suspicious.

Breivik's farmer neighbour described him as looking like a "city dweller, who wore expensive shirts and who knew nothing about rural ways". Breivik had also covered up the windows of his house.

The owner of a local bar, who once worked as a profiler of passengers' body language at Oslo Airport , said there was nothing unusual about Breivik, who was an occasional customer at the bar.

On 22 July , Breivik detonated a fertilizer bomb outside the tower block housing the office of Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg in Oslo, resulting in eight deaths.

When the police tactical unit Delta based in Oslo arrived on the island and confronted him, he surrendered without resistance. Breivik admitted to the crimes and said the purpose of the attack was to save Norway and Western Europe from a Muslim takeover, and that the Labour Party had to "pay the price" for "letting down Norway and the Norwegian people.

After his arrest, Breivik referred to himself as "the greatest monster since Quisling. On the way to his first jail meeting, Breivik's police escort was met with an angry crowd, some of whom shouted "burn in hell" or "traitor", while others used stronger words.

On 25 July , Breivik was charged with violating paragraph a of the Norwegian criminal code, [88] [89] "destabilising or destroying basic functions of society" and "creating serious fear in the population", [90] both of which are acts of terrorism under Norwegian law.

He was ordered held for eight weeks, the first four in solitary confinement, pending further court proceedings. The Director of Public Prosecutions had initially decided to censor the document to the public, leaving out the names of the victims as well as details about their deaths.

Due to the public's reaction, this decision was reversed prior to its release. It would be heard in the same specially-constructed courtroom where the initial criminal case was tried.

Breivik was kept at Ila Prison after arrest. There, he had at his disposal three prison cells: one where he could rest, sleep, and watch DVD movies or television, a second that was set up for him to use a PC without Internet connection, and a third with gym equipment.

Only selected prison staff with special qualifications were allowed to work around him, and the prison management aimed to not let his presence as a high-security prisoner affect any of the other inmates.

According to one of his attorneys, Breivik was curious to learn whether his manifesto has begun to take root in society.

Breivik's attorneys, in consultation with Breivik, considered whether to have some of his interlocutors called as witnesses during the trial.

The first such was cancelled by the prison administration following a background check of the journalist in question.

A second interview was agreed to by Breivik, and the prison requested a background check to be done by the police in the country where the journalist is from.

No information has been given about the media organisations in question. Breivik underwent his first examination by court-appointed forensic psychiatrists in The psychiatrists diagnosed him with paranoid schizophrenia , concluding that he had developed the disorder over time and was psychotic both when he carried out the attacks and during the observation.

He was also diagnosed with abuse of non-dependence-producing substances antecedent of 22 July. The psychiatrists consequently found Breivik to be criminally insane.

According to the report, Breivik displayed inappropriate and blunted affect and a severe lack of empathy. He spoke incoherently in neologisms and had acted compulsively based on a universe of bizarre, grandiose and delusional thoughts.

Breivik alluded to himself as the future regent of Norway, master of life and death, while calling himself "inordinately loving" and "Europe's most perfect knight since WWII".

He was convinced that he was a warrior in a "low intensity civil war" and had been chosen to save his people.

Breivik described plans to carry out further "executions of categories A, B and C traitors" by the thousands, the psychiatrists included, and to organize Norwegians in reservations for the purpose of selective breeding.

Breivik believed himself to be the "knight Justiciar grand master" of a Templar organisation. He was deemed to be suicidal and homicidal by the psychiatrists.

He later said "this provides new opportunities". The outcome of Breivik's first competency evaluation was fiercely debated in Norway by mental health experts, over the court-appointed psychiatrists' opinion and the country's definition of criminal insanity.

According to senior psychiatrist Randi Rosenqvist, who was commissioned by the prison to examine Breivik, he rather appeared to have personality disorders.

On 13 January , after much public pressure, the Oslo District Court ordered a second expert panel to evaluate Breivik's mental state.

If the original diagnosis had been upheld by the court, it would have meant that Anders Behring Breivik could not be sentenced to a prison term.

The prosecution could instead have requested that he be detained in a psychiatric hospital. If considered a perpetual danger to society, Breivik could have been kept in confinement for life.

To send a political activist to a mental hospital is more sadistic and evil than to kill him! It is a fate worse than death. On 8 June , Professor of Psychiatry Ulrik Fredrik Malt testified in court as an expert witness, saying he found it unlikely that Breivik had schizophrenia.

According to Malt, Breivik primarily suffered from Asperger syndrome , Tourette syndrome , narcissistic personality disorder and possibly paranoid psychosis.

In the pre-trial hearing, February , Breivik read a prepared statement demanding to be released and treated as a hero for his "pre-emptive attack against traitors" accused of planning cultural genocide.

He said, "They are committing, or planning to commit, cultural destruction, including deconstruction of the Norwegian ethnic group and deconstruction of Norwegian culture.

This is the same as ethnic cleansing. Closing arguments were held on 22 June. On 24 August , Breivik was adjudged sane and sentenced to containment —a special form of a prison sentence that can be extended indefinitely; with an approximate period of 21 years and a minimum time of 10 years, the maximum penalty in Norway.

The court said "many people share Breivik's conspiracy theory , including the Eurabia theory. The court finds that very few people, however, share Breivik's idea that the alleged ' Islamisation ' should be fought with terror.

Since or March [] Breivik has received visits from a prison visitor — a military chaplain ranked major — every two weeks; [] [] this visitor has been paid , Norwegian kroner , by the government as of 1 January , in regard to [visiting] Breivik.

He is isolated from the other inmates, and only has contact with health care workers and guards. As of [update] , he has an electric typewriter and an Xbox without internet connection in his cell.

He has been enrolled since in the bachelor's degree program in political science at the University of Oslo ; he passed two courses that year; [] he does not have internet access.

In , Breivik planned to set up an organisation he called the Conservative Revolutionary Movement which he envisioned consisting of around 50 right-wing activists in Europe, as well as an organization for imprisoned right-wing activists; Breivik has written to, among others, Peter Mangs and Beate Zschäpe.

He has said that he wants to write three books: the first being his own account of the events on the day of the attacks, the second discussing the ideology underlying his actions, and a third on his visions for the future.

Since Breivik has been held at Telemark Prison. After he came to Skien Prison, 5 out of letters that he had sent had not been confiscated, he testified in court in He added, "Of the forms regarding prison visits that I have mailed, all have been confiscated.

Politicians from several Norwegian parties have protested Breivik's activities in prison, which they see as him continuing to expose his ideology and possibly encouraging further criminal acts.

In November , Breivik wrote a page letter of complaint to the prison authorities about the security restrictions he was being held under, claiming that the prison director personally wanted to punish him.

Among his complaints were that his cell is not adequately heated and he has to wear three layers of clothing to stay warm, guards interfere with his strictly-planned daily schedule, his cell is poorly decorated and has no view, his reading lamp is inadequate, guards supervise him while he is brushing his teeth and shaving and put indirect mental pressure on him to finish quickly by tapping their feet while waiting, he is "not having candy" and is served cold coffee, and he is strip-searched daily, sometimes by female guards.

Authorities only lifted one minor restriction against Breivik; his rubber safety pen, which he described as an "almost indescribable manifestation of sadism," was replaced with an ordinary pen.

In letters to foreign media outlets he told about his demands in to prison authorities "including easier communication with the outside world and a PlayStation 3 to replace the current PlayStation 2, because it offers more suitable games"; media reported in about demands that he would starve himself to death if refused "access to a sofa and a bigger gym"; furthermore he said that "Other inmates have access to adult games while I only have the right to play less interesting kids' games.

One example is " Rayman Revolution ", a game aimed at three year-olds," Breivik complained to prison officials. In September , Breivik again threatened a hunger strike , because of deteriorating prison conditions, [] but delayed in order to sue the Norwegian Government over prison conditions.

During 15—18 March , Breivik was the plaintiff in a civil trial against the government. Breivik sued the government over his solitary confinement, and his general conditions of imprisonment, including a claim of an excessive use of handcuffs.

Breivik claimed that his solitary confinement violated his human rights and asserted that he had been subjected to "degrading treatment, including hundreds of strip searches and frequent searches of his cell, including at night.

The Parliamentary Ombudsman had previously reported that the regimen for serving a prison sentence at the level of particularly high security " constitutes a heightened risk of inhumane treatment.

The Oslo District Court refused twice to allow the press to join a walk-through of Breivik's prison cell. The second request had included the suggestion that one person, with a gagging order in place, could represent the entire press corps, while joining the walk-through.

On 8 March, media said that parts of the trial proceedings would be closed to the general public, according to a decision by Oslo District Court, which upheld its previous ruling.

On 14 March, members of the court performed a walk-through of prison cells used by Breivik at Ila Prison ; later the same week the members of the court inspected the prison facilities used by Breivik at Skien Prison.

Upon arrival, after police removed his handcuffs, Breivik shook hands with his lawyers, and thereafter faced the gallery and performed a Nazi-style salute ; [] [] one judge said that Breivik's salute seems disruptive, "therefore I wish that you don't do it again".

On 16 March, Breivik started his testimony, [] "to give his view on the strict prison regimen [that he is exposed to] and any damage done to his health while in prison as a cause of isolation".

I have been thinking that visits without a glass wall could be something [to consider]. I don't think that with his image, he would be violent to someone he has [some sort of] a [working-] relationship to.

At the start of the third day of the trial, Storrvik introduced a report from the "prevention section" at [the office of] the Parliamentary Ombudsman , dated 11 November , regarding a series of visits that year by the ombudsman; the report said that Breivik was being held at a section where sometimes there was only one prisoner.

He said that in that section of the prison, it should expand the planned community between prisoners and employees and consider other measures to minimise the risk of isolation damage.

At that section the prison should evaluate alternative possibilities for recreation in fresh air, in addition to the concrete exercise yard.

The report recommended that the prison should discontinue the visual surveillance of health-related conversations that occur with a glass wall between prisoner and health personnel.

Storrvik confronted Bjarkeid with a document regarding [prison] Section G being turned [in part] into a "particularly high security department".

He read: "There are obvious limits to how long he can be in Section G"; the document was written by Bjarkeid. Storrvik said that "The words are here, obviously there are limits to how long he shall be isolated.

This was in He is still in total isolation". Draugedalen shook hands with Breivik, with five prison officers present; all the later consultations until the trial were held with a glass wall separating them.

At Storrvik read from [Breivik's medical] record dated 5 February that Breivik intends to recreate less in fresh air because of the strip searches that follow; Storrvik asked Haukeland: "The fact that he goes outside less, to avoid being strip searched, was that discussed as a problem?

The next witness was Margit Kise, a section leader at Skien Prison. The sixth witness was Tore Stenshagen , also a section leader at Skien, who served during the third quarter of Stenshagen testified that sometimes he sits down [in Breivik's cell] and talks with Breivik, and sometimes they are accompanied by only one prison officer.

Summing up the case for Breivik, Storrvik said: "For some reason, in Norway it has been established that in a female prison, a male prison officer cannot strip search a prisoner, but in a male prison it is ok that females are present.

This is offensive—I do not see any alternatives". He continued: "He was also awoken at night, but he had visits that compensated", and Piechowicz's isolation lasted for a shorter period; Storrvik said: "Note that one calls it isolation , even though he had one cellmate".

Poland point to a breach of EMK in our case". Storrvik said: "In my opinion there is not a complete concurrence between risk analyses and measures in our case.

Risk analyses have at an early stage come with suggestions for measures [and these have not been followed up] For example, removing the glass wall during visits and the possibility of introducing fellow prisoner, has been discussed at such an early stage that there should be a good reason for why Rosenqvist's advice has not been followed".

Storrvik compared Breivik's position as a Catch situation: if Breivik says that he has psychiatric problems, then he has picked them out of a book; if he says that he doesn't have psychiatric problems, then he doesn't have psychiatric problems.

Storrvik said that there had been no inspections by agencies tasked with oversight , as far as he knew, until the Parliamentary Ombudsman came.

Mestad said that "The government's primary task is to protect its citizens. To let a convicted terrorist establish a network, is dangerous".

Storrvik said Breivik's [previous] verdict "indicates a mental vulnerability. If that is not enough, Breivik appears—by my standards—confused in court".

Storrvik added that [in his usage] " mental vulnerability is a very, very weak expression ". Emberland said that "Storrvik is quoting from the dissenting opinions from verdicts of the ECHR"—at least as much as he is quoting the majority opinions of the verdicts.

On 18 March after the court was adjourned, the room where the trial had been held was turned back into the prison gymnasium.

Breivik's testimony about his ideology was described as incoherent. In Dagbladet , Aina Sundt Gullhaugen research advisor and psychologist said about prison superintendent Bjarkeid's opinion that Breivik is not one of the prisoners at Ila suffering [from isolation]: "And surely it is an ugly sight when humans in the basement at Ila smear feces on the walls and no longer are oriented about themselves, time or place.

But those who think that Breivik is not suffering have made themselves unavailable for the documented pain that Anders partook in [during childhood] The problem is that Breivik The type of fundamental relational and emotional deficiencies that Breivik was allowed to develop, usually results in that person ending up speaking a language that others don't recognise".

In Aftenposten , Ulrik Fredrik Malt [expert witness at the trial] said that "the mass murderer is mentally quite ill, and that's being undercommunicated".

Breivik could not receive the money, but his lawyer could upon the verdict being upheld. On 21 April news media said that Ole Kristoffer Borhaug the fengselsleder at Telemark Prison of which Skien Prison is an affiliate said that the prison regimen for Breivik would not be lightened, in part because the verdict has not been officially upheld, and there are regulations preventing high security prisoners from interacting with prisoners of other categories.

Other reactions to the verdict include those of former convicts: Kjell Alrich Schumann said that the verdict is most importantly about the principles regarding the application of isolation in Norwegian prisons; he added that "The decisions are evaluated by an entity at Correctional Service every six months, and they can use any kinds of arguments.

The government's chief lawyer in the trial, Marius Emberland, had voiced his opinion about the verdict before the appeal; his opinion was criticized by the leader of the Norwegian Judges' Association, Ingjerd Thune: [] "I clearly understand that many react.

I have never heard a lawyer speak in that manner—ever. That was surprising"; lawyer Frode Sulland said that one gets the impression that Office of the Attorney General "does not respect the justice system, and they still think that they are right, even when the court thinks they are wrong"; Emberland eventually recognised that some of his verbal comments can be interpreted as arrogant, adding that "They really weren't meant that way".

On 5 August, media said that Storrvik claims that the judge [scheduled to rule in the trial] is partial; [] the judge was recused.

The appeal was heard in Borgarting Court of Appeal convening within the prison , starting 10 January ; Breivik came to court without handcuffs.

On 8 June , Norway's Supreme Court decided not to hear the case. On 23 March , Breivik's mother died from complications from cancer. Breivik was permitted to move himself out from behind the glass wall of the visit room—to give his mother a farewell hug".

Janne Kristiansen , then Chief of the Norwegian Police Security Service PST , said Breivik "deliberately desisted from violent exhortations on the net [and] has more or less been a moderate, and has neither been part of any extremist network.

Six hours before the attacks, Breivik posted a picture of himself as a Knight Templar officer in a uniform festooned with a gold aiguillette and multiple medals he had not been awarded.

Breivik prepared a document titled A European Declaration of Independence. It also reports that Breivik spent thousands of hours gathering email addresses from Facebook for distribution of the document, and that he rented a farm as a cover for a fake farming company buying fertilizer 3 tons for producing explosives and 3 tons of a harmless kind to avoid suspicion and as a lab.

It describes burying a crate with the armour in the woods in July , collecting it on 4 July , and abandoning his plan to replace it with survival gear because he did not have a second pistol.

It also expresses support for far-right groups such as the English Defence League [] and paramilitaries such as the Scorpions. India, and in particular Hindu nationalism , figures repeatedly in the manifesto where he expresses praise and admiration for Hindu nationalist groups.

He also expressed his admiration of the Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin , finding him "a fair and resolute leader worthy of respect", though he was "unsure at this point whether he has the potential to be our best friend or our worst enemy.

Benjamin R. Teitelbaum , former professor of Nordic Studies current professor of musicology at University of Colorado , argues that several parts of the manifesto suggest that Breivik was concerned about race, not only about Western culture or Christianity, labelling him as a white nationalist.

Thomas Hegghammer of the Norwegian Defence Research Establishment has described the ideologies of Breivik as "not fitting the established categories of right-wing ideology, like white supremacism , ultranationalism or Christian fundamentalism ", but more akin to macro-nationalism and a "new doctrine of civilisational war ".

In one section of the manifesto titled "Battlefield Wikipedia", Breivik explains the importance of using Wikipedia as a venue for disseminating views and information to the general public, [] although the Norwegian professor Arnulf Hagen claims that this was a document that he had copied from another author and that Breivik was unlikely to be a contributor to Wikipedia.

Breivik's manifesto A European Declaration of Independence circulated in online fascist forums where strategies were set and tactics debated.

Breivik had been active on several anti-Islamic and nationalist blogs, including document. After studying several militant groups, including the IRA , ETA and others, Breivik suggests far-right militants should adopt al-Qaeda 's methods, learn from their success, and avoid their mistakes.

In a letter sent by Breivik to international media in January , Breivik states that he exploited "counterjihadist" rhetoric in order to protect "ethno-nationalists" and start a media hunt against "anti-nationalist counterjihadist"-supporters, in a strategy he calls "double psychology".

Breivik further states that he strives for a "pure Nordic ideal", advocating the establishment of a similar party in Norway to the now-defunct neo-Nazi Party of the Swedes , and identifying himself as a part of "Western Europe's fascist movement".

Moreover, he states that his "support" for Israel is limited for it to function as a place to deport "disloyal Jews ".

Following his apprehension, Breivik was characterised by analysts as being a right-wing extremist with anti-Muslim views and a deep-seated hatred of Islam , [] who considered himself a knight dedicated to stemming the tide of Muslim immigration into Europe.

He was at first described by many in the media as a Christian fundamentalist , Christian terrorist , and nationalist.

His religious faith is Odinism. Breivik was an active member of an Oslo shooting club between and , and since According to the club, which banned him for life after the attacks, Breivik took part in 13 organized training sessions and one competition since June At the time of the attacks, Breivik was a member of the Lodge of St.

Olaf at the Three Columns in Oslo [] and had displayed photographs of himself in partial Masonic regalia on his Facebook profile. Skaar, issued an edict immediately excluding him from the fraternity based upon the acts he carried out and the values that appear to have motivated them.

Breivik became a member of the Progress Party FrP in He paid his membership dues for the last time in , and was removed from the membership lists in During his time in the Progress Party, he held two positions in the Progress Party's youth organisation FpU: he was the chair of the local Vest Oslo branch from January to October , and a member of the board of the same branch from October till November After the attack, the Progress Party immediately distanced itself from Breivik's actions and ideas.

In an online discussion on the Norwegian website Document. Breivik saw this as the only way to stop left-wing radical groups like Blitz and SOS Rasisme from "harassing" Norwegian cultural conservatives.

Breivik indeed became a member of this organization under the pseudonym " Sigurd Jorsalfar ". According to Breivik, the order was established as an "anti- Jihad crusader-organisation" that "fights" against "Islamic suppression" in London in April by nine men: two Englishmen, a Frenchman, a German, a Dutchman, a Greek, a Russian, a Norwegian apparently Breivik , and a Serb supposedly the initiator, not present, but represented by Breivik.

The compendium gives a " estimate" that there are between 15 and 80 "Justiciar Knights" in Western Europe, and an unknown number of civilian members, and Breivik expects the order to take political and military control of Western Europe.

Breivik gives his own code name in the organisation as Sigurd and that of his assigned "mentor" as Richard, after the twelfth-century crusaders and kings Sigurd Jorsalfar of Norway and Richard the Lionheart of England.

After an intense investigation assisted internationally by several security agencies , the Norwegian police have not found any evidence that a PCCTS network existed, or that the alleged London meeting ever took place.

The police now view Breivik's claim as a figment of imagination in light of his schizophrenia diagnosis, and are increasingly confident that he had no accessories.

The perpetrator still insists he belongs to an order and that his one-man cell was "activated" by another clandestine cell.

On 14 August , several Norwegian politicians and media outlets received an email from someone claiming to be Breivik's "deputy", demanding that Breivik be released, and making more threats against Norwegian society.

On 17 August , journalist Marit Christensen informed the Norwegian press that for the last year of Wenche Behring Breivik's life, she had been her confidant, and that a book based on Christensen's interviews with her would be published as a book in late under the title The Mother.

Breivik Film

Facebooktwitterredditpinterestlinkedinmail

1 Kommentar

  1. Micage

    Ich denke, dass Sie den Fehler zulassen. Es ich kann beweisen. Schreiben Sie mir in PM.

  2. Kajitilar

    ja, es kommt vor...

  3. Mejinn

    Ich denke, dass Sie nicht recht sind. Ich biete es an, zu besprechen. Schreiben Sie mir in PM.

Schreibe einen Kommentar

Deine E-Mail-Adresse wird nicht veröffentlicht. Erforderliche Felder sind mit * markiert.

« Ältere Beiträge